Business diversification started in China.
In the early 1990s, we set up an integrated fiber business facility—to handle everything from polyester polymerization and fiber produc-tion, to weaving and dyeing—in the city of Nantong, in China's Jiangsu Province, China. We also established joint ventures and other firms to produce polyester film, artificial kidneys for dialysis, and reverse osmosis membranes. We have continued to expand our research and development organization, establishing Toray Fibers & Textiles Research Laboratories (China) Co., Ltd. in 2002 and Toray Advanced Materials Research Laboratories (China) Co., Ltd. in 2011. We place particular emphasis on the development of water purifiers, as well as technologies for reutilization of sewage/wastewater and seawater desalination for China's domestic market.